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The principal purpose of this web site is to make available five papers by the author. Here are three of them:


The Cross and the Compass: Compromise and Conflict

A look at Masonic conflict with the Roman Catholic Church and early influences on Mexico



The Cross and the Compass:
Manifest Destiny, Religious Aspects of the Mexican-American War

Investigates Masonic influence during this important conflict.



What is the Truth about George?

An examination of the Christian and Masonic beliefs of George Washington, the first United States president. Included is a Latin American perspective.


More articles can be found here

If you would like to make comments or ask a question you may e-mail the author at sara@crossandcompass.com

The Cross

Christ sacrificed, the lamb of God
For God was pleased to have all His fullness dwell in him, and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether things on earth or things in heaven, by making peace through his blood, shed on the cross.
Col. 1: 18-19

The Compass

"The compass is the most prominent emblem of virtue, the true and only measure of a Mason's life and conduct. The Bible gives us light on duties to God, the square give light on duties to our neighbor, and the compass gives light on duty to ourselves, the great duty of circumscribing our passions... As in operative masonry compasses were used to give architect just proportions which will insure beauty as well as stability. So in speculative masonry, compass is symbolic of that even tenor of deportment, that true standard of rectitude which alone can bestow happiness here and felicity thereafter."
"Compasses," Lexicon of Freemasonry pp 95-96 - Albert Mackey 1872
14th edition, Philadelphia, Moss and Company